Several conditions may be associated with eye pain, such as infection, trauma, surgery, cancer, and unknown causes. Different structures within the eye may contribute to pain including the eye globe, eyelids, nerves, arteries, and muscles.
Identifying the cause of pain becomes paramount in treating the condition. Therapy is tailored to the cause. At times, it may just require flushing out with warm water or eye drops. But if the condition is more severe, especially when accompanied by loss of vision or nausea, it may require immediate medical attention. Your doctor may choose a regimen including medications that treat neuropathic and nerve pain, opioids, or antidepressants. In selected cases injections may be of benefit. Stellate ganglion blocks, or nerve blocks, may be offered.